Abstract: A range of mass social incidents have taken place frequently in recent years, exposing that there are serious problems in the government-dominated governance mode in China, especially in the grass-roots governance mode. We should integrate the experiences from efficient responses to the mass incidents in all parts of China into institutionalized fruit; and by reflecting on the mass social incidents deeply, grope for the efficient path of preventing and decreasing the mass unexpected incidents in the view of system and mechanism of local governance. The modern public governance is the rational path dealing with the mass social incidents efficiently and constructing regional harmonious society. The demands of public reason of preventing and decreasing the mass social incidents are as the followings: multiple social subjects under the dominance of governments at all levels should participate in the process of public governance. Furthermore, based on public governance, the “major-governance mode” characterizing the efficient cohesion and benign interaction among the local public governance, cross-regional cooperative governance among governments, cooperative governance between governments and citizens, and citizen governance, would be constructed actively.
On the Government’s Effectiveness in the Process of Social Transformation in China
Abstract: The formidability and complexity of the social transformation in contemporary China have set a higher demand on the government effectiveness. However, it will be faced with severe challenges to improve government’s effectiveness in the social environment which is full of competitions and risks. At the same time, as there are deviations and deficiencies in the government philosophy, the orientation of the government role, the capacities of the government, and the incentive mechanism in the real life, the Chinese government itself also has the problem of insufficient effectiveness. Under this situation, to promote the government effectiveness gradually would inevitably be the only choice for the Chinese government in the era of social transformation.