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针灸治疗脊髓损伤神经原性膀胱功能障碍概况


□ 王佳琪 刘志顺

  [摘 要] 介绍近年来国内外针灸治疗脊髓损伤后神经原性膀胱功能障碍的情况。分别从体针、电针、点穴推拿、穴位注射、穴位贴敷及其他疗法等几方面对针灸治疗此类疾病的方法进行归类分析。针灸治疗脊髓损伤后神经原性膀胱功能障碍常用腧穴为八NFDA2、三阴交、中极、关元等;刺激方式为针刺、电针、点穴推拿、穴位注射等。针灸治疗脊髓损伤后神经原性膀胱功能障碍的其他评价指标的有效性,尚需要更多的设计严谨、方法科学的高质量随机对照试验来证实。
  [关键词] 综述,指导性;脊髓损伤;针灸疗法;膀胱,神经原性
  
  Survey of acupuncture treatment for neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries
  WANG Jia-qi1, LIU Zhi-shun2 (1. Beijing General Hospital of Aerospace, Beijing 100076, China; 2. Guang’anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences)
  ABSTRACT: acupuncture and moxibustion for treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries at home and abroad in recent years is introduced. The acupuncture and moxibustion methods for treatment of this kind of disease are classified and analyzed from body acupuncture, electroacupuncture, acupoint pressure and massage, acupoint-injection, acupoint sticking and so on. Acupuncture and moxibustion are widely applied to treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries, with definite therapeutic effect and good safety. The effectiveness of other evaluation indexes of acupuncture and moxibustion for treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries needs to be proved by more randomized and controlled trials of high quality with strict design and scientific methods. ......
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