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用水泡出来的奇迹



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   严格意义上说,这是一篇说明文,但听起来、读起来都不觉得枯燥,原因是文章精心选用了通俗易懂的词语(如:create、flow、act、succeed等)和一些带有感情色彩,但一般说明文不常用的词语(如:amazingly、without doubt)。同时句子结构变化多,受众不会觉得繁复。
  
  At the 1)Equator the sun rises over the greatest rain forest on Earth. 2)Amazonia is unified by over a thousand rivers of the sun. They flow like blood through its body. They are its life force. Sunlight and water create the energy to sustain life on a vast scale. But all that life, all that richness, comes from the miracle of the leaf. This one vast rain forest may contain half of all the world’s 3)species.
  
   Exploding Nuts
  There is also a rich and remarkable water forest. Much of Amazonia floods for half of each year. When the forest floods, strange sounds are heard. It’s the sound of trees and fruit. These exploding nuts are from rubber trees, one of Amazonia’s most famous. As they ripen under the heat of the glaring sun, their surface skins 4)shrivel, releasing the nuts. Nuts are spread far and wide by floodwaters. Even when soaked in water for a long time, the nuts’ waterproof shell prevents rot and protects from 5)predators.
  
   Adaptable Tree
  It has been two months since the waters began to rise and the forest trees became 6)submerged. They will remain submerged for months to come. Normally trees would die after just a few weeks of flooding because their roots cannot receive 7)oxygen. But the roots of these Amazonian trees can survive being submerged for much longer due to a special 8)adaptation. When their roots become water 9)logged, a 10)membrane forms on the outside of the root. But inside there is partial cell death and that creates air spaces. These spaces act as air holes to transfer oxygen and remove 11)toxins. This strategy allows the trees to succeed in two very different worlds. Amazingly, there is greater 12)diversity of trees where the forests are submerged than anywhere else in Amazonia. ......
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