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浅议赵孟頫对元代文人画的影响


□ 雷 雨 常栓怀

  摘 要:元代绘画,在重视继承古代传统的基础上创立新意,出现了一些新的形式和特点,突出表现在文人画开始占据画坛的主导地位。元代文人画的兴起有其历史的渊源,亦有其特殊的时代背景。元代文人画主张“以神求貌”,“以逸为上”,要求作品具有“古意”和“士气”,重视画家主观意兴和思想感情的抒发。赵孟頫等人正是在这样的背景下,打着“复古”的旗帜,在中国画领域中进行了一系列的探索和改革。

  关键词:赵孟頫;元代;文人画;复古;影响

  中图号:J209.9 文献标识码:A 文章编号:9499(2007)01-052-05

  A Study on the Influence of Zhao Mengfu on Literati Paintings of Yuan Dynasty

  LEI Yu,CHANG Shuan-huai

  (School of Arts and Propagation Medium,Xi’an Technological University,Xi’an 710032,China)

  Abstract:Paintings in Yuan dynasty,attaching importance to the inheritage of previous tradition,established some new conceptions.Their new forms and features are reflected mainly by the literati paintings' leading place in the then painting circle.The literati paintings in Yuan dynasty sprang up from its historical origin as well as in the unique times.Painters pursued appearence in spirit,natural grace,classical mood and morale in their paintings.They paid much atlention to the expression of interest,zest and feelings.Zhao Mengfu and his contemporaries,advocated“Back-to-the ancients” and conducted a series of exploration and reform in the field of Chinese painting.

  Key Words:Zhao Mengfu;Yuan dynasty;literati painting;back to the ancients;influence

  元代取消了五代、两宋的画院制度,除少数专业画家服务于宫廷外,尚有一部分身居高位的士大夫画家,其余多为一些隐居不仕的文人画家。

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