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《难经》针灸学成就探析


□ 柴铁劬

  (广州中医药大学针推学院,广东510407)

  [摘 要] 对《难经》针灸学成就进行了归纳总结,认为其贡献有三:1.确立奇经学说,完善经络理论;首倡八脉之名,完善八脉循行,详述生理病理。2.阐释特定穴,理论与实践并重;首创八会穴及其主治,完善十二原穴及治疗机理,确立五输穴应用大法。3.奠定配穴诸法,完善刺灸理论;奠定补母泻子法,首创泻南补北法,拓展迎随补泻法,重视营卫四时补泻。

  [主题词] 《难经》;针灸学/历史

  Study on Achievements of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Science in the Classic on Medical Problems

  Chai Tiequ(College of AcupMoxibustion and Massage,Guangzhou Universty of TCM,Guangdong 510407)

  [Abstract] The achievements of acupuncture and moxibustion science in the Classic on Medical Problems(《难经》) were summarized.There are contribution of the following three aspects in the book:1.Establish the theory of extrachannels,perfecting the theory of meridians;Initiate the name of eight extrachannels,perfecting the pathway of the eight extrachannels and describe in detail their physiology and pathology;2.Explain specific points,paying equal attention to theory and practice;Initiate the eight influential points and their indications,perfecting the twelve sourse points and establish application principles of Five Shu points;3.Establish several methods of point combination,perfecting the theory of needling and moxibustion;Establish the method of the combination of reinforcing mother point and reducing son point;Initiate the method of reducing south and reinforcing north,and open up the method of reinforcing and reducing by puncturing along and against the direction of the meridians respectively,and pay a great attention to reinforcing and reducing of Ying,Wei and four seasons.

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