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落后地区持续低生育水平的悖论研究


□ 宋元梁 熊先娥 牟沛植

  摘 要:经济落后地区一般与较高的生育水平相伴生,“贫困产生人口”。然而,安康市现实的生育现状正好相反,在经济社会整体落后状态下却出现了持续的低生育水平。本文运用调研资料统计分析认为,除计划生育政策影响外,大量的育龄妇女流出和较高的人口非正常死亡已成为安康市人口低速增长的主要因素。因此,发展落后地区经济、开发人力资源、健全社会保障是实现落后地区人口安全与可持续发展的根本性选择。

  关键词:落后地区;人口流动;非正常死亡;低人口增长

  中图号:C923

  文献标识码:A

  文章编号:9499(2007)02-085-06

  The Paradox Research on the Steady Low Fertility Level in Backward Areas

  ——a Case Study of Ankang City

  SONG Yuan-liang1,XIONG Xian-e1,MU Pei-zhi2

  (1.School of Economics & Managerment,Xi’an Technological University,Xi’an 710032,China;

  2.Population and Family Planning Committee of Shaanxi Province)

  Abstract:High fertility level generally exists in the backward areas,that is,poverty leads to an increase in population.But the situation in the city of Ankang is entirely different,where the fertility level is steadily low,though the economy here is backward.From the analysis of the data obtained from the investigation,a conclusion is drawn that,besides the family planning,the outflow of childbearing women and the high rate of unusual death are the major causes for the low-speed increase in the population of Ankang,Therefore,developing the economy in backward areas,exploiting human resources and improving the social security system are the foundamental measures for the population security in and sustainable development of backward areas.

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