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腧穴教学管见


□ 侯书伟

  [摘 要] 对“十五”国家级规划教材《经络腧穴学》腧穴部分内容进行分析、探讨,对《经络腧穴学》教材的编写提出了自己的看法。腧穴的各种概念应力求严谨、简洁;腧穴定位当务求精确,符合临床实际,并减少谬误;新版《经络腧穴学》应对奇穴进行合理取舍、补充;增加穴名释义、腧穴功能、配穴条目;充实针刺操作内容;合理增删古代、现代报道摘录等,以顺应时代发展。
  [关键词] 教育,针灸;经络学;针刺穴位;教材;书评
  
  My humble opinion on teaching of acupoints:discussion on The Channels, Collaterals and Acupoints Science,a national plan teaching material of “the tenth five-year plan”
  HOU Shu-wei (Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of TCM, Jinan 250011, China)
  ABSTRACT: analyze and probe a part of contents in The Channels, Collaterals and Acupoints Science,a national plan teaching material of “the tenth five-year plan”, and put forward own opinion on compilation of the teaching materials. Various concepts of acupoints should strive to be strict and terse; location of acupoints should be accurate and conform to clinical practice and reduce errors; the new edition The Channels, Collaterals and Acupoints Science should reasonably select and supplement for extra-ordinary points; increase explanation of the point name, function of acupoints, and association of acupoints; enrich the contents of acupuncture manipulation; reasonably increase and reduce extracts of ancient and modern reports to conform to development of the new age.
  KEY WORDS: Education Acup Mox; Meridian Science; Acupuncture Points; Teaching Materials; Book Reviews
  
  经络腧穴学中腧穴学构成了针灸的基本知识和理论,是连接针灸理论和临床的桥梁。笔者讲授《经络腧穴学》多年,偶有所得。曾著“经络教学管见”一文(见《中国针灸》2002年第7期),今就《经络腧穴学》中腧穴部分内容进行分析、探讨。
  
  1 概念清晰 文字简洁
  
  腧穴的各种基本概念,蕴含着腧穴学的核心内容,应务求简洁、准确,以使学习者概念清晰,便于记忆。 普通高等教育“十五”国家级规划教材(新世纪全国高等中医药院校规划教材)《经络腧穴学》(以下简称《经穴学》)中部分概念或可商榷。
  《经穴学》:“腧穴是脏腑经络气血输注于躯体外部的特殊部位,也是疾病的反应点和针灸等治法的刺激点”。此概念的后句仅仅是腧穴概念的补充说明,且个别穴位未必是疾病的“反应点” 或针灸的“刺激点”,如海泉、肘尖、内踝尖、外踝尖、乳中等,故当改为“腧穴是脏腑经络气血输注于躯体外部的特
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