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关于精简《中图法》的探讨


□ 施振宏

  〔摘要〕针对《中图法》的类目设置缺乏简练性,主要是不能被使用的休置类目太多;一些类目的设置照搬学科分类,造成类目划分太细,有类无书;多重列类过多过细罗列,大量类目虚设,脱离图书分类实际;有些类目重复设置;许多具有共性区分的类目,并没有采用复分或仿分的办法等问题,指出精简《中图法》是非常必要的。精简要把握精简原则、明确精简对象、讲求精简方法,以使《中图法》的类目设置更具有科学性、简练性、适用性和易用性。

  〔关键词〕中国图书馆分类法 类目设置 精简类目

  〔分类号〕g254.12

  a probe into simplifying the chinese library classification

  shi zhenhong

  library of huaiyin normal college, huai’an223001

  〔abstract〕there are problems in the chinese library classification , such as:complicated arrangements of class,too many unused classifications,too detailed class or classifications yet without shch documents can be classified into these sort of classifications,too many poly-dimension arrangements of classes and nominal classifications because of unpractical class,repeated arrangement of classes without subdivision or divides many common classifications.in order to solve those problems,it is necessary to simplify the chinese library classification.the paper thinks that the principles,objects and methods concerning classification must be dealt with properly,and that the arrangement of classes in chinese library classification should be made more scientific,more simple,more practical and more easily be used.

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