An Elementary Research on the Mechanism- Planning of Containing
Discrepancy and Adjusting Bifurcation in Multi-Ethnic States
Abstract: Containing the diversity of ethnic culture in the political framework of nation-state is the one of the most urgent problems which multi- ethnic states are facing toavoid ethnic conflict and to construct society of harmony. ()n the basis of the construction ofthe system, how to adjust the balance of benefit between the central government and theareas for ethnic minorities and among the different ethnic groups, to set up a good ethnicconnection, to create a kind of system of respecting the political rights of minority and ofprotecting pluralistic ethnic society and its diversity of culture, and to construct the politicalidentity to the nation - state from every ethnic group in the state, is a challenge to the political ability of the modern multi- ethnic states, also a test to the political wisdom of theevery ethnic group in the state. In the course of meeting the challenge, the modern differentstates all over the world have created all kinds of systems and mechanisms depenciing on theirown situation and problems to solve the benefit conflict among the different groups. Thepaper gives an elementary research about the factors, history, and special ways relevant inthe course of multi - ethnic states´ systems and mechanisms - planning to interest theacademic circle.
Keywords: sharing rights; containing discrepancy; adjusting bifurcation; systemsand mechanisms.
The ideas about Politics of Difference in Multiculturalism:lts Inner
Logic, Disputes, and Responses……………………Wang Min(11)
Abstract: The ideas about politics of difference in multiculturalism are a series ofprojects and theories relevant which multiculturalists put forward while facing the fact of thecultural difference and the common claims for the cultural equality. Amongmulticulturalism, different ramifications have different viewpoints to politics of difference inmany facts, such as equal recognition, tolerance, respect, claims for the special rights ofminority, construction of the post-modern ideals of constitutional government, conciliationof the civil rights and the rights of minority in the framework of liberal constitutionalgovernment, and realization of the goal of the peaceful co-existence in multi-culture. Theemergence of those differences and disputes are relative to dealing with the relationshipsbetween commonality and discrepancy (or unitary centre and pluralistic centers). So, thefurther development of the ideas about politics of difference may lie on treating suitably withthe relationships between common culture and different culture, the civil rights and therights of minority, as well as the integrative politics and pluralistic co-existence, etc. .