When and how did Eastern civ-ilization begin? In the East,was there a "Moses" wholed his people down the pathto a civilized society, similar to the biblicalrecounting? In the remote past, was there asingle person who conceived the inceptiveelements of the long-lived Chinese culture?
According to Chinese legend, the an-Swer is yes, and that person was Fu Xi, ahe is regarded as the originator of Easterncivilization.
A prevailing belief in Tianshui is thatBeijing dates back 3,000 years and Xi'an5,000 years, but Tianshui has been aroundfor 8,000 years.
For those who possess a deep insightinto the history of Beijing and Xi'an, per-haps the much older Tianshui still remainsa mystery. When one personally worships atthe statue of Fu Xi and visits the 8,000-year-old Dadiwan Site, one may engender somenew views on Chinese history and culture.
Legend has it that Fu Xi taught peoplefishing techniques and animal husbandry. Itis said he also instituted marriage, leadinghuman society to evolve from a tribal systemto a family system. He taught people howto craft musical instruments, thus herald-ing the beginning of China's oldest musicalforms. In addition, he conceived the lunarcalendar on the basis of mankind's primi-tive knowledge of nature. For thousands ofyears, the Chinese people have attributed toFu Xi many of the remarkable and creativeachievements realized by their ancestors,and the Fu Xi Culture was thus conceived.
Though there is some controversy sur-rounding Fu Xi, all agree that he embodiesa mystery imbued with historic and culturalimportance.
It is said that the 16th day of the first lunar month marksthe birthday of Fu Xi. On that day, many residents of Tianshuigather in the Fu Xi Temple to worship their ancestor and prayfor happiness and good fortune. On the 13th day of the fifth lu-nar month, which is said to mark the birth of the dragon, a grandceremony is staged in honor of Fu Xi, and in 1995 the ceremonywas expanded to become the Tianshui Fu Xi Culture Festival.The annual Public Worship of Fu Xi in Tianshui attracts thou-sands of tourists and pilgrims from both home and abroad. Theycome to pay homage to their legendary ancestor.