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数字环境下技术、版权法与作品的辩证思考


□ 郑丽航

  〔摘要〕阐述数字环境下技术、版权法与作品存在对立统一的紧密关系。技术的发展,一方面使作品的公共物品属性急剧增强,社会公众使用作品的成本急剧下降;另一方面,通过版权人对作品保护技术的应用,提高公众使用作品的成本,作品的私人物品属性得到一定回升。版权法正是通过对技术保护措施的法律确认及进一步的版权扩张,努力使数字环境下的作品不致于成为纯粹的公共物品,保证版权人的收益高于生产与传播成本,激励作品的创作与传播,促进社会知识增长与进步。指出数字环境下的版权立法必须以维持社会公众与版权人的利益平衡为基础,并贯彻技术中性原则。

  〔关键词〕技术版权法作品数字环境

  〔分类号〕d913

  dialectical thoughts on technology, copyright law and works in digital environment

  zheng lihang

  library of putian university, putian351100

  〔abstract〕there is a unity of opposites between technology, copyright law and works in digital environment. on one hand, the character of public good in works is sharply increased while public抯 cost of using works is sharply decreased under the development of technology, on the other hand, through the application of technology, public抯 cost of using works is increased and the character of private good in works is increased .copyright law抯 goals just to ensure the works in digital environment not be a pure public good and the copyright owner抯 benefit be higher than the cost through legal identification of technologically protective measures and copyright抯 further expansion, so as to inspirit work抯 creation and communication, and promote social knowledge and progress. the legislation of copyright in digital environment should be based on maintaining balance between public and copyright owner, and implement the principle of technological neutrality.

  〔keywords〕technologycopyright lawworkdigital environment

  数字环境下,技术因素对于作品与版权法的影响之大为全社会所公认。

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