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《边城》:“白日梦”的结晶


□ 秦志峰

  A Remote City—Crystallization of “Day Dream”
  
  Sigmund Freud proposed that if unconsciousness of basic instinct is inhibited,its direct outlet may transfer into dreams.Despite same nature between artistic works and dreams,however,one occurs in daytime while the other at night.Dream expresses hope,while instinct self-inspection of human being is relaxed during sleep;the inhibited self wish just makes up by occasion and enter consciousness getting out of inspection,so dream is formed. Unconsciousness serves as actual creator of dream,which provides psychological power for its formation.Dream displays inner desire involuntarily under its transplanted,renovated and distorted state.
  Sourced from inhibited impulse of desire, artistic works are aesthetic day dreams. As the need of desire can’t be satisfied under social order,artistic work acts as alternative satisfaction for personal desire.Therefore, artistic work always displays artist’s fantasy, acting as outlet for inner life.In other words, “ego” of artist functions as “protagonist for each day dream and story”.As a substitute to satisfy personal desire, artistic work provides a channel to release personal desire,which well balances and coordinates psychology to eradicate nervousness without imposing harm on the society. Besides,it carries social cultural values, bringing readers with artistic enjoyment as well as aesthetic experience because artists may get
  rid of readers’hostility through artistic skills:“author aims to weaken egocentricity of day dream through transformation and disguise,who considers providing us with pure pleasure and enjoyment while expressing his fantasy to conform to readers’psychology”.His works are typical example for“day dream”complex,the writer expressing his wishes and depressed feeling through literal forms.Remote City just acts as “day dream”for Shen Congwen to adjust life and express stacked inner feeling.On September 9th,1933,Shen Congwen and Zhang Zhaohe ended up with marrying at Water front of Beijing Central Park.It turned out that Shen Congwen enjoyed his new marriage.Just as he proclaimed:“I have got what I want-reputation,recognition,friendship and love;mea-
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