A Study on Sima Qian’s Economic Ethics and Its Progresiveness
(College of Humanities，Xi’an Technological University，Xi’an 710032，China)
Abstract：Sima Qian is the first in Chinese history to discuss economic issues in monographs in his works.In shiji： Biographies of Merchants and shiji： Essay on Price-balancing，we can read his economic thoughts.Sima Qian’s economic ideology which is based on native materialism reflects his own thoughts of economics，which are characterized by counter tradition.The main content is that ethics comes from prosperity and is destroyed by poverty. According to Sima Qian’s economic thoughts，wealth is the basis of social ethics，so the rules of ethics should conform to the human nature of persuing wealth.His unique economic ethics is，to a certain degree，historically progressive.
Key Words：Sima qian；Shi Ji；economic ethics；economic ideology